Instructions to Authors:

Pan Africa News (PAN) publishes articles, notes, reviews, forums, news, essays, book reviews, letters to editor, and classified ads (restricted to non-profit organizations) on any aspect of conservation and research regarding chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bilias (or bonobos, Pan paniscus). Contributors are requested to write in English and papers except forums, reviews and essays should usually be 1,500 words or less (no need to count words in Tables, Figures, Acknowledgements and References). Please provide an abstract (150 words or less) and 3 to 5 keywords to submissions of articles, notes or reviews.
Articles, notes and reviews will be peer-reviewed by at least one appropriate expert on request of the PAN editorial team.
Please spell out full names of all the authors (do not provide only initials for the first names). Corresponding authors should be indicated clearly with an active e-mail address.
Manuscripts should be formatted as DOCX, DOC, or RTF files and submitted by e-mail to:

Photos and figures should be formatted as JPEG, PNG, or GIF files and sent separately by e-mail attachments. Authors could include audiovisual data to enhance their papers, although they would be available online only (see Online Materials section below).

In principle, PAN is published twice a year in June and December. Ahead of printing, accepted manuscripts are published online first as HTML and PDF versions at


Literature citations in the text should indicate the author’s surname with the year of publication such as “Nishida 1978 (single author); Nishida & Hosaka 1996 (two authors); Nishida et al. 2003 (more than three authors)”. Multiple citations should be listed chronologically. References at the end of the paper should be listed in alphabetical order by the first author’s name. If there are six or more authors of a paper listed in References, list only the first three authors and add “et al.”.

A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) number to every reference, whenever it is available, should be given in a new line just below the reference (see How to get DOI section below).

(a) Papers published in periodicals:
Mitani JC, Watts DP 2001. Why do chimpanzees hunt and share meat? Anim Behav 61:915–924.

(b) Books:
Boesch C 2012. Wild Cultures: A Comparison between Chimpanzee and Human Cultures. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

(c) Chapters in edited books:
Nishida T, Hosaka K 1996. Coalition strategies among adult male chimpanzees of the Mahale Mountains, Tanzania. In: Great Ape Societies. McGrew WC, Marchant LF, Nishida T (eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 114–134.

Online Materials

For the inclusion of audiovisual materials in the online version of PAN, we recommend that the authors first upload the video or audio files to YouTube by themselves and send the embedding HTML code to the editorial office. Under the YouTube video, click “Share”, and then click “Embed”. From the box that appears, copy the HTML code. Paste the code into an email and send it to the editorial office.

An example of embedding HTML code:

<iframe width="560" height="315" src="" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

How to get DOI

For a recent journal paper, DOI appears on the paper and/or the webpage of the paper. Some old journal papers and academic books may also have DOI.

If you do not know how to get DOIs, go to CrossRef. Here you can look up DOIs only by filling in “First Author” (surname) and “Article Title”, and clicking the “Search” button.

Otherwise, you can search the reference on the web, e.g., by Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of Science, or a similar academic search engine, and go to the Internet version of the paper provided by the publisher. There you will find DOI for the paper when available.

Different publishers show DOI in various formats such as follows:

  • DOI:10.1007/BF01659166 (just DOI number)
  • ( + DOI number: an old style URL)
  • ( + DOI number: currently recommended URL)
Note that DOI number itself (10.1007/BF01659166) is identical in any formats.
PAN employs the last format ( + DOI number), so if you get DOI in other formats, please convert it to the last one.
Back to PAN top